Muster Roll of Prince Charles Edward Stuart’s Army 1745-46
PROBABLE STRENGTH AND COMPOSITION OF THE PRINCE’S ARMY AT THE BATTLES OF PRESTONPANS, FALKIRK AND CULLODEN
THE HIGHLAND ARMY AT PRESTONPANS – 21 September 1745
Regiments Number of men Note Colonel Second in Command
GLENGARRY 400 Angus Og MacDonald, 2nd son of Glengarry
Donald MacDonald of Lochgarry
KEPPOCH 250 Alexander MacDonald, Chief of Keppoch
Donald MacDonald of Tirnadris
CLANRANALD 200 Ranald MacDonald,Ygr., of Clanranald
Alexander MacDonald of Glenaladale
GLENCOE 100 Alexander MacDonald, Chief of MacIain sept.
Alexander MacDonald of Achtriachtan
CAMERON 600 1 Donald Cameron, Ygr., of Lochiel, de facto Chief
Donald Cameron of Errachd, or Dungallon
APPIN 200 2 Charles Stewart of Ardsheal
Alexander Stewart of Invernahyle
ROBERTSON 100 3 Donald Robertson of Woodsheal
(Clann Donnachaidh) James Robertson of Blairfettie
MACLACHLAN 100 MacLachlan of MacLachlan, Chief
GRANTS 100 A company of the Glengarry regt, under the command of Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston
(of Glenmoriston and Glen Urquhart) Alexander Grant, Ygr., of Shewglie
DUKE OF PERTH’S 200 James Drummond, Duke of Perth
(including about 40 MacGregors) James Mór MacGregor (Drummond),
Son of Rob Roy
ATHOLL 250 4 Lord Nairne
(including about 50 of Sir Robt. Menzies’ men, 40 of Faskally’s, 50 of Spalding of Ashentullie) Probably George Robertson of Faskally
or Archibald Menzies of Shian
Cavalry 50 William Drummond, Viscount Strathallan
1. A number of men had been sent home by Lochiel from Dalnacardoch, vide vol.I.,p.225.
2. In a narrative of the campaign by Dunmcan MacPharic (MacGregor) given in Nimmo’s ‘History of Stirlingshire’, the writer states that two hundred
MacGregors joined the Stewarts of Appin during the night march on Edinburgh, and that the Stewarts were only seventy strong.It may be that these
were the MacGregors commanded by Glencairnaig who fought at Prestonpans, but the number is probably greatly exaggerated.
3.Struan witnessed the battle as a spectator only.
4.Commissary Bisset says many deserted befor the action, and those that remained were not allowed to join in the attack.
THE BATTLE OF FALKIRK – 17 January 1746(Compiled from the most reliable contemporary sources)
Regiments, Clans, & Coy. Number of men Note Commanders
KEPPOCH 400 1 MacDonald of Keppoch
( GLENGARRY, 1st Battalion 900 1 AngusOg of Glengarry
(GLENGARRY, 2nd Battalion MacDonald of Lochgarry
CLANRANALD 350 MacDonald, Ygr., of Clanranald
GLENCOE 120 MacDonald of Glencoe
FARQUHARSONS 150 2 Farquharson of Balmoral
MACKENZIES, &C 200 3 Earl of Cromartie and Lord MacLeod
MACKINTOSHES 300 MacGillivray of Dunmaglass
MACPHERSONS 400 McPherson of Cluny
FRASERS AND CHISHOLMS 500 Master of Lovat
STEWARTS OF APPIN 300 Stewart of Ardsheal
CAMERONS 900 4 Cameron of Lochiel
MACGREGORS . 5 MacGregor of Glencairnaig
MACKINNONS . 5
GRANTS AND MACLEODS . 7 Grant of Glenmoriston
(Attached to the Glengarry Regiment)
ATHOLL BRIGADE (Three Battalions) 900 8 Lord George Murray
LORD OGILVY (Two Battalions) 900 Lord Ogilvy
LORD LEWIS GORDON (Two Battalions) 800 Lord Lewis Gordon
LORD JOHN DRUMMOND (One Battalion) 400 Lord John Drummond
( LORD ELCHO’S HORSE 220 6 Lord Elcho
( LORD BALMERINO’S HORSE Lord Balmerino
PIQUETS FROM LORD JOHN DRUMMOND’S
FORCE AND HUSSARS 300
( LORD PITSLIGO’S HORSE 220 6 Lord Pitsligo
( LORD KILMARNOCK’S HORSE Lord Kilmarnock
FIRST LINE 4520
SECOND LINE 3000
THIRD LINE 740
TOTAL STRENGTH 8260
1.Lochgarry gives the number of Keppoch’s men as 500, and the two Glengarry battalions as 1200 strong, which includes the Grants, &c, from Urquhart
and Glenmoriston; but as there were only between 200 and 300 of Keppoch’s men at Prestonpans, and only, on Lochgarry’s own showing,500 of
Glengarry’s men, including 100 Grants, present on that occasion, it is difficult to account for the very large accession of stength;Barisdale brought
Glenmoroston men, which may have been 200 strong at most.This would give a force of 900 to the two Glengarry battalions as an outside number,
and if we add another 150 men to Keppoch’s regiment, making it 400 strong, we have probably a fair estimate of the actual strength.If we include the
MacLeods (vide note 7) another 150 men may be added.
2.Farquharson of Monaltrie with half the regiment was left behind to bring up the artillery.
3.Some authorities place Lord Cromartie’s regiment in the second line.
4.The Camerons were reinforced by a body of 450 of the clan brought by Ludovic Cameron of Torcastle, Lochiel’s uncle.VideLetter from Torcastle to
the Prince, dated Paris 1753, in Appendix, Browne’s ‘History’, vol.iv. Cclxvii
5.Hawley’s report shows the MacGregors and MacKinnons attached to Lochiel’s regiment.
6.Numbers taken from D’Eguilles’ correspondence.
7.I can find no reference to the MacLeods under Raasa and Bernera, except a note in Home’s ‘History’, p.249, in which it is stated that they were attached�
to the Glengarry regiment.
8.The Menzies and Robertsons were probably attached to the Atholl Brigade.Vide Jacobite Correspondence of the Atholl Family, p.150.
THE BATTLE OF CULLODEN – 16 April 1746
Regiments, Clans, & Coy. Number of men Note Commanders
ATHOLL BRIGADE 500 1 Lord Nairne, Mercer of Aldie, Menzies of Shian,
(including Menzies and Robertsons) and Donald Robertson of Woodsheal
CAMERONS 400 Cameron of Lochiel
STEWARTS of Appin 250 Stewart of Ardsheal
JOHN ROY STUART’S 200 2 John Roy Stuart
FRASERS 400 Charles Fraser, Ygr., of Inverallachie
MACKINTOSHES 350 MacGillivray of Dunmaglass
FARQUHARSONS 250 Farquharson of Monaltrie, Farquharson of Balmoral
( MACLACHLANS 290 Lachlan MacLachlan of MacLachlan
( MACLEANS Charles MacLean of Drimnin
MACLEODS 120 MacLeod of Raasa, MacLeod of Bernera
CHISHOLMS 150 Roderick Chisholm, Son of the Chief
CLANRANALD 200 Ranald MacDonald, Ygr., of Clanranald
KEPPOCH 200 MacDonald of Keppoch
GLENGARRY 420 MacDonald of Lochgarry
GRANTS 80 Alexander Grant of Corrimony
(attached to the Glengarry Regiment) Alexander MacKay of Achmonie
( LORD OGILVY’S REGIMENT 4 Lord Ogilvy
( LORD LEWIS GORDON’S REGIMENT Lord Lewis Gordon
( GLENBUCKET’S REGIMENT Gordon of Glenbucket
( DUKE OF PERTH’S REGIMENT
( LORD JOHN DRUMMOND’S REGIMENT 1190
( IRISH PIQUETS
( Detachments of cavalry on flanks
Remnants of cavalry and a few detachments of foot, stragglers, &c. Lords Kilmarnock, Pitsligo, Balmerino, and Strathallan were in the rear
Approximate Total 5000
1.There is some doubt regarding the position of the Robertsons at Culloden.It is almost certain they were attached to the Atholl Brigade, but there is a
possibility that some of the clan were attached to Keppoch’s regiment under Woodsheal. Vide Struan’s orders to Woodsheal, ‘Chronicles of Atholl and
Tullibardine’, vol.iii, p.44.
2.Some authorities place John Roy Stuart’s men in the second line.
3.The Glencoe men wre probably attached to one of the other MacDonald regiments.
4.Lord Ogilvy’s regiment was sent to guard the right flank at the commencement of the action.
Source:These three tables have been extracted from The Life and Adventures of Prince Charles Edward Stuart by W. Drummond Norie (London, Caxton).