The Jacobite Camerons

This page summarises the background of one of the most detailed, colourful and tragic periods in the Cameron story. The aftermath of Culloden signalled the beginning of the end of the Clan system. From around 1770 the lairds began to replace men with sheep in the Highlands, and the cry of the clansman became "Since you have preferred sheep to men, let sheep defend you!" - and off he went to the Lowlands, or to Canada or the U.S.A.

Click on the name of a Clan Chief to find out more about him

Reign
Monarch
Clan Chief
born circa
What was going on at the time?
1567-1625
James VI & I
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James was VI of Scotland 1567-1603 and Ist of Great Britain 1603-1625 - 1598 First Raid of Moyness - 1613 Murder at Lochiel's order of a number of the Erracht family - 1622 Commission granted by the King for the suppression of the Camerons - 1624 Allan Cameron granted a remission for all his alleged misdeeds.
1625-1649
Charles I XVII Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel
1629
1638 National Covenant signed (a sort of early referendum), supporting the Presbyterian cause - 1644 Battle of Marston Moor, where the Scots Covenanting Army supported the victorious Parliamentary Army - 1645 Second Raid of Moyness. Camerons defeated by the Grants - 1645 Battle of Inverlochy. Montrose, with 300 Camerons in his army, defeated Argyll's army of the Covenant - 1645 Battle of Philiphaugh. Final defeat of Montrose's royal army.
1649-1660
The Protectorate .
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1651 Montrose's return and defeat at Carbisdale, followed by his execution - 1651 Battle of Inverkeithing. Charles' Scottish army defeated. Battle of Worcester. Charles' Scottish Army again defeated - 1653 Probably around this time the house at Achnacarry was built ('all built of Fir-planks') - 1654 Battle of Strone Nevis. Guerrilla type battle, won by Lochiel against Cromwellian troops from Fort William - 1655 Honourable of submission by Lochiel to General Monk.
1660-1685
Charles II XVIII John Cameron of Lochiel
1663
1665 Stand-off at the Fords of Arkaig. End of the feud between Camerons and Macintoshes (by agreement) - 1678 Earliest known use of the ancient Cameron arms on a seal of Sir Ewen Cameron - 1682 Lochiel knighted by the Duke of York - 1684 Argyll, a Campbell, found guilty of high treason. He escaped to Holland, but his estates were forfeited.
1685-1689
James VII & II .
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1685 Argyll finally executed after supporting the Duke of Monmouth's abortive invasion.
1689-1702
William & Mary
XIX Donald Cameron of Lochiel
1695
1689 'The Glorious Revolution' brought the Protestant William and Mary to the throne. Battle of Killiecrankie, 27 July. Highlanders (Jacobites) successful, but 'Bonnie Dundee' killed - 1690 Battle of Cromdale. Jacobites defeated. End of the rebellion in Scotland. Battle of the Boyne in Ireland. King James defeated by the forces of William - 13th February1692 Massacre of Glencoe.
1702-1714
Anne
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1706 Act of Settlement, assigning the throne to the House of Hanover - 1707 Act of Union of Scotland and England.
1714-1727
George I .
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1715 Battle of Sheriffmuir. Jacobite army dispersed. Inconclusive - 1719 Battle of Glenshiel. Another landing by Jacobites, but, badly led, they were routed - 1725 Construction of 'Wade's Roads' in the Great Glen. Formation of the Black Watch to police the Highlands.
1727-1760
George II XX John Cameron of Lochiel
1732
25 July1745 Prince Charles Edward Stuart landed at Loch nam Uamh in Arisaig, signalling the beginning of the events that culminated in the Battle of Culloden on 16th April 1746. The Highland army was destroyed in less than an hour, many Camerons being among the casualties, or taken later.
Born on: 03/01/2001 [March 1, 2001]