Muster Roll of Prince Charles Edward Stuart’s Army 1745-46

PROBABLE STRENGTH AND COMPOSITION OF THE PRINCE’S ARMY AT THE BATTLES OF PRESTONPANS, FALKIRK AND CULLODEN
 

The Highland Army at PRESTONPANS

Regiments
No.of men Note
Colonel
Second in Command
GLENGARRY 400  
Angus Og MacDonald, 2nd son of Glengarry
       
Donald MacDonald of Lochgarry
KEPPOCH 250  
Alexander MacDonald, Chief of Keppoch
        Donald MacDonald of Tirnadris
CLANRANALD 200  
Ranald MacDonald,Ygr., of Clanranald
        Alexander MacDonald of Glenaladale
GLENCOE 100  
Alexander MacDonald, Chief of MacIain sept.
        Alexander MacDonald of Achtriachtan
CAMERON
600
1
Donald Cameron, Ygr., of Lochiel, de facto Chief
Donald Cameron of Errachd,
        (or Dungallon)
APPIN 200
2
Charles Stewart of Ardsheal
        Alexander Stewart of Invernahyle
ROBERTSON 100
3
Donald Robertson of Woodsheal
(Clann Donnachaidh)
      James Robertson of Blairfettie
MACLACHLAN 100  
MacLachlan of MacLachlan, Chief
         
GRANTS 100  
A company of the Glengarry regt, commanded by Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston
(of Glenmoriston and Glen Urquhart)       Alexander Grant, Ygr., of Shewglie
DUKE OF PERTH'S 200  
James Drummond, Duke of Perth
(including about 40 MacGregors)       James Mór MacGregor (Drummond),
       
(Son of Rob Roy)
ATHOLL 250
4
Lord Nairne

(including about 50 of Sir Robt. Menzies'

      George Robertson of Faskally  or
men, 40 of Faskally's, 50 of Archibald Menzies of Shian
Spalding of Ashentullie)  
CAVALRY 50  
William Drummond, Viscount Strathallan
     
  2550  
 
1. A number of men had been sent home by Lochiel from Dalnacardoch, vide vol.I.,p.225.
2. In a narrative of the campaign by Dunmcan MacPharic (MacGregor) given in Nimmo's 'History of Stirlingshire', the writer states that two hundred
      MacGregors joined the Stewarts of Appin during the night march on Edinburgh, and that the Stewarts were only seventy strong.  It may be that
     these were the MacGregors commanded by Glencairnaig who fought at Prestonpans, but the number is probably greatly exaggerated.
3.  Struan witnessed the battle as a spectator only.
4.  Commissary Bisset says many deserted befor the action, and those that remained were not allowed to join in the attack.
 
 
 
The Highland Army at THE BATTLE OF FALKIRK (Compiled from the most reliable contemporary sources)
   
  Approximate  
Regiments, Clans, & Coy. No. of men Note
Commanders
 
 
FIRST LINE  
 
KEPPOCH 400
1
MacDonald of Keppoch
( GLENGARRY, 1st Battalion 900
1
Angus Og of Glengarry
( GLENGARRY, 2nd Battalion    
MacDonald of Lochgarry
CLANRANALD 350  
MacDonald, Ygr., of Clanranald
GLENCOE 120  
MacDonald of Glencoe
FARQUHARSONS 150
2
Farquharson of Balmoral
MACKENZIES, &C 200
3
Earl of Cromartie and Lord MacLeod
MACKINTOSHES 300  
MacGillivray of Dunmaglass
MACPHERSONS 400  
McPherson of Cluny
FRASERS AND CHISHOLMS 500  
Master of Lovat
STEWARTS OF APPIN 300  
Stewart of Ardsheal
CAMERONS 900
4
Cameron of Lochiel
MACGREGORS .
5
MacGregor of Glencairnaig
MACKINNONS .
5
 
GRANTS AND MACLEODS .
7
Grant of Glenmoriston
  (Attached to the Glengarry Regiment)    
  4250  
 
SECOND LINE  
 
ATHOLL BRIGADE (Three Battalions) 900
8
Lord George Murray
 
LORD OGILVY (Two Battalions) 900  
Lord Ogilvy
 
LORD LEWIS GORDON (Two Battalions) 800  
Lord Lewis Gordon
 
LORD JOHN DRUMMOND (One Battalion) 400  
Lord John Drummond
 
MACLACHLANS .  
  3000  
 
THIRD LINE  
 
( LORD ELCHO'S HORSE 220
6
Lord Elcho
 
( LORD BALMERINO'S HORSE    
Lord Balmerino
 
PIQUETS FROM LORD JOHN DRUMMOND'S  
                    FORCE AND HUSSARS 300  
( LORD PITSLIGO'S HORSE 220
6
Lord Pitsligo
 
( LORD KILMARNOCK'S HORSE    
Lord Kilmarnock
 
  740  
 
FIRST LINE 4520  
SECOND LINE 3000  
THIRD LINE 740  
       TOTAL STRENGTH 8260  
 
1.  Lochgarry gives the number of Keppoch's men as 500, and the two Glengarry battalions as 1200 strong, which includes the Grants, &c, from Urquhart
      and Glenmoriston;  but as there were only between 200 and 300 of Keppoch's men at Prestonpans, and only, on Lochgarry's own showing,500 of
      Glengarry'ss men, including 100 Grants, present on that occasion, it is difficult to account for the very large accession of stength;  Barisdale brought
      Glenmoroston men, which may have been 200 strong at most.  This would give a force of 900 to the two Glengarry battalions as an outside number,
      and if we add another 150 men to Keppoch's regiment, making it 400 strong, we have probably a fair estimate of the actual strength.  If we include the
     include the MacLeods (vide note 7) another 150 men may be added.
2.  Farquharson of Monaltrie with half the regiment was left behind to bring up the artillery.
3.  Some authorities place Lord Cromartie's regiment in the second line.
4.  The Camerons were reinforced by a body of 450 of the clan brought by Ludovic Cameron of Torcastle, Lochiel's uncle.  Vide letter from Torcastle to
      the Prince, dated Paris 1753, in Appendix, Browne's 'History', vol.iv. Cclxvii
5.  Hawley's report shows the MacGregors and MacKinnons attached to Lochiel's regiment.
6.  Numbers taken from D'Eguilles' correspondence.
7.  I can find no reference to the MacLeods under Raasa and Bernera, except a note in Home's 'History', p.249, in which it is stated that they were
     attached to the Glengarry regiment.
8.  The Menzies and Robertsons were probably attached to the Atholl Brigade. Vide Jacobite Correspondence of the Atholl Family, p.150.
 
 
 
The Highland Army at THE BATTLE OF CULLODEN
   
  Approximate  
Regiments, Clans, & Coy. No. of men Note
Commanders
 
 
FIRST LINE  
 
ATHOLL BRIGADE 500
1
Lord Nairne, Mercer of Aldie, Menzies of Shian,
    (including Menzies and Robertsons)  
         and Donald Robertson of Woodsheal
CAMERONS 400  
Cameron of Lochiel
STEWARTS of Appin 250  
Stewart of Ardsheal
JOHN ROY STUART'S 200
2
John Roy Stuart
FRASERS 400  
Charles Fraser, Ygr., of Inver allachie
MACKINTOSHES 350  
MacGillivray of Dunmaglass
FARQUHARSONS 250  
Farquharson of Monaltrie, Farquharson of Balmoral
( MACLACHLANS 290  
Lachlan MacLachlan of MacLachlan
( MACLEANS    
Charles MacLean of Drimnin
MACLEODS 120  
MacLeod of Raasa, MacLeod of Bernera
CHISHOLMS 150  
Roderick Chisholm, Son of the Chief
GLENCOE  
3
 
CLANRANALD 200  
Ranald MacDonald, Ygr., of Clanranald
KEPPOCH 200  
MacDonald of Keppoch
GLENGARRY 420  
MacDonald of Lochgarry
GRANTS 80  
Alexander Grant of Corrimony
   (attached to the Glengarry Regiment)    
Alexander MacKay of Achmonie
  3810  
 
SECOND LINE  
 
( LORD OGILVY'S REGIMENT  
4
Lord Ogilvy
( LORD LEWIS GORDON'S REGIMENT  
Lord Lewis Gordon
( GLENBUCKET'S REGIMENT  
Gordon of Glenbucket
( DUKE OF PERTH'S REGIMENT  
( LORD JOHN DRUMMOND'S REGIMENT 1190  
( IRISH PIQUETS  
( Detachments of cavalry on flanks  
 
REAR  
 
Remnants of cavalry and a few detachments of foot, stragglers, &c.Lords Kilmarnock, Pitsligo, Balmerino, and Strathallan were in the rear
 
 
Approximate Total 5000  
 
1.  There is some doubt regarding the position of the Robertsons at Culloden.  It is almost certain they were attached to the Athgoll Brigade, but
      there is a possibility that some of the clan were attached to Keppoch's regiment under Woodsheal. Vide Struan's orders to Woodsheal,
     'Chronicles of Atholl and Tullibardine', vol.iii, p.44.
2.  Some authorities place John Roy Stuart's men in the second line.
3.  The Glencoe men wre probably attached to one of the other MacDonald regiments.
4.  Lord Ogilvy's regiment was sent to guard the right flank at the commencement of the action.
 
Source:  These three tables have been extracted from The Life and Adventures of Prince Charles Edward Stuart by W. Drummond Norie (London, Caxton).